A few photos of my travel companions.......Carol, Marsha, Karen, Stephanie, Val, Kelli, Greg, Randy, and our fabulous guide Eman
Great group of fellow travelers!
Farewell Dinner in Cairo, and the Cairo Market at night
The Aswan High Dam is an embankment dam built across the Nile River between 1960 and 1970 in order to control flooding, provide increased water storage for irrigation, and generate hydroelectricity.
The Unfinished Obelisk is the largest known ancient obelisk and is located in the northern region of the stone quarries of ancient Egypt in Aswan. It's creation was ordered by Hatshepsut, possibly to compliment what is now known as the Lateran Obelisk, originally at Karnak. The creators began to carve it out of bedrock, but cracks appeared in the granite and the project was abandoned. The bottom side is still attached to bedrock.
28 February 2019
Temple of Isis, in Aswan, is the last temple built in the classical Egyptian style. Construction began around 690 BC
Some hieroglyphics from the Temples. We visited the Horas Temple (Edfu),
Kom-Ombo Temple & Crocodile Museum, Abu Simbel Temple, and Al-Deir Al-Bahari Temple in Aswan
Historic photos of Abu Simbel Temple as it looked sitting by the Nile River, before being moved to make way for the Aswan Dam
The Abu Simbel Temples are two massive rock temples in Abu Simbel, a village in Nubia, Egypt, near the border with Sudan. They are part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site known as Nubian Monuments. The temples were originally carved out of the mountainside in the 13th century BC, during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses II. They serve as a monument to the king and his queen, Nefertari. The complex was relocated in it's entirety in 1968 to high above the Aswan High Dam reservoir. The relocation was necessary or they would have been submerged during the creation of Lake Nasser, the massive artificial water reservoir formed after the building of the Aswan High Dam on the Nile River.
27 February 2019
The temple at Kom Ombo, north of Aswan, was built during the Graeco-Roman period (332 BC - 395 AD).It was dedicated to both Sobek, the crocodile god, and Horus, the falcon headed god. Sobek is associated with the wicked god, Seth, the enemy of Horus. The allies of Seth made their escape by changing themselves into crocodiles.
Mortuary Temple of Queen Hatshetsup, located on the west bank of the Nile, is one of the most beautiful of the royal mortuary temples.
The Sanctuary of Amun-Re in the Upper Courtyard of the Temple of Hatshepsut is one of the nest preserved rooms of the complex.
The Horus Temple, built between 237 and 57 BC, is one of the best preserved ancient monuments in Egypt. Preserved by desert sand, which filled the place after the pagan cult was banned, was dedicated to Horus, the avenging son of Isis and Osiris. With it's roof intact, it os one of the most atmospheric of ancient buildings..
26 February 2019
In the Valley of the Kings - tombs were carved out of the limestone then covered with sand and stone to conceal. Sixty three have been discovered so far. Tomb KV11 - Tomb of Ramesses III, who ruled Egypt for 31 years, has been open since antiquity. Access was gained to the burial chamber in 1792 and the sarcophagus and lid were removed and sent to the Louvre and Fitzwilliam Museum.
KV 6 in the Valley of the Kings, built for Pharaoh Rameses IX, has stood open since antiquity, and is near the entrance to the main part of the Valley.
Tomb of Rameses IV in the Valley of the Kings. Rameses IV took the throne after the assasination of his father, Ramesses III, and during a time of economic decline in Egypt. Little funerary equipment is known to have been found in this tomb. The king's mummy was eventually found in KV 35. There is very little decline from the first part of the tomb to the rear, which is very unusual.
In The Valley of the Kings, tomb of Tutankhamun, KV 62. Discovered in 1922 by Howard Carter underneath the remains of workman's huts built during the Ramesside Period. Although the tomb was robbed and resealed twice in the period after it's completion, it was densely packed with items in great disarray. It took eight years to be emptied, and all the artifacts transported to the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.
25 February 2019
Ballooning over the Valley of the Kings, Luxor
Luxor Temple is located on the east bank of the Nile River. Constructed approximately 1400 BC, it is one of the best preserved of all ancient monuments, with large amounts of the structure, statuary, and relief carvings still in tact. Dedicated to the Amon, king of the gods, construction was begun by Pharaoh Amenhotep III and was completed by Tutankhamen and Horemheb.
Luxor Temple is a large ancient Egyptian temple complex on the east bank of the Nile River.
Luxor Temple dates from around 1400 BC.
On the Nile River Boat the Royal Lily. Cruising the Nile from Luxor to Aswan.
The Karnak Temple Complex, a city of temples built over 2,000 years, dates from around 2055 BC to 100 AD. The Karnak Temple is the largest religious building ever built and was dedicated to the Theban triad of Amun, Mut, and Khonsu.
Medinet Habu Temple, the mortuary temple of Ramesses III on the West Bank of Luxor, contains more than 75,347 square feet of decorated wall reliefs, many with amazing original colors.
Ramesseum Temple, located on the west bank of Luxor, served as the mortuary temple of Ramses II, who was Pharaoh for 67 years. It took 20 years to build and covers fifty thousand square meters
Karnak Temple Complex is a vast open site believed to be the second most visited site in Egypt, only the Giza pyramids are more visited. It's a city of temples built over 2000 years, around 2055 BC to 100 AD.
24 February 2019
Overnight sleeper train from Cairo to Luxor
Private showing of call to prayer by a muezzin, the person appointed at a mosque to lead and recite the call to prayer for every event of prayer and worship in the mosque.
The Egyptian Museum in Cairo -- Mummies and more..
Some of the treasures found in the tomb of Tutankhamun
The Egyptian Museum, built in 1901, houses the world's largest collection of Pharaonic antiquities.
23 February 2019
Established is 1477 AD, the fortress is considered to be one of the most important defensive strongholds along the Mediterranean Sea coast. It was erected on the exact site of the famous Lighthouse of Alexandria, which was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The lighthouse was destroyed by earthquakes in the 11th and 14th centuries.
The Roman Amphitheatre of Alexandria, and the Roman Baths, constructed in the 4th century AD, was discovered in 1960.
22 February 2019
The Great Sphinx and the Second Great Pyramid, Giza Plateau, Cairo
The Step Pyramid of Djoser and Mortuary Temple at Saqqara, built in the 27th century BC. Pharaoh Djoser was the first or second king of the 3rd Dynasty (2667 - 2648 BC). He is believed to have ruled for 19 years. It is the first monumental structure made of stone instead of mud-brick.
Memphis Open Air Museum with the Colossus of Ramesses II, a massive 33' long limestone statue which once guarded the Great Ptah Temple.
21 February 2019
Coptic Cairo is part of Old Cairo which encompasses the Babylon Fortress, the Coptic Museum, the Hanging Church, the Greek Church of St. George, and other historic buildings. It is believed that Joseph and Mary stayed in a cavern at this location, with baby Jesus, when the Lord told them to escape to Egypt from King Herod. A church has been built over the site.
In Dashur -- At one time this area that is covered with reeds was under water. The Nile River flowed close to the pyramids when they were constructed -- could this be the area that Pharaoh's daughter found baby Moses?
The Bent Pyramid - second pyramid built by Pharaoh Sneferu about 2500 BC. A transition form between step-sided and smooth-sided pyramids. We were not able to enter as interior damage was being repaired.
Going inside The Red Pyramid -- the passageway and the partially excavated burial chamber.
Remains of the Black Pyramid, built by King Amenemhat III during the Middle Kingdom (2055 - 1650 BC). Built with mudbrick instead of stone, it suffered the effects of weathering after robbers removed the outer limestone layer. The first to house both the deceased Pharaoh and his queens.
The Red Pyramid - Built with red limestone by Pharaoh Sneferu, about 2500 BC. We were able to go inside - very small passage way, about 3' by 4', goes about 200' down to a short passage leading to the burial chamber. Six of us attempted - three, including me, turned back half way down as humidity level increased. Three made it to the partially excavated chamber.
Dahshur is a royal necropolis in the desert on the west bank of the Nile River, about 25 miles south of Cairo. It is known for having two of the oldest, largest, best preserved pyramids in Egypt, built 2613 - 2589BC, the Bent Pyramid and the Red Pyramid.
16 February 2019
At the Oberoi Shal Hasheesh on the Red Sea with Carol Knain. Beautiful resort, impecible service, and oh so handsome pool boys......!